Best Smartphone Cameras in 2022: Apple, Samsung, Vivo, Google — We’ve tested them all!

Best Smartphone Cameras in 2022: Apple, Samsung, Vivo, Google — We’ve tested them all!

Picking the phone with the best camera used to be an easy exercise. In the early days of the smartphone, the iPhone’s camera was leaps and bounds better than Android’s offerings. Then big-name Android brands caught up and for a couple of years in the mid-2010s Samsung held the crown.

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Towards the latter part of the decade, I’d argue Google and Huawei each respectively dominated the software and hardware part of mobile photography. But starting around 2020 or so, other brands stepped up their digital imaging game by investing more resources; Apple paid more attention to computational photography and Samsung took a page or two out of Huawei’s book in terms of camera hardware.

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Mobile cameras today have become so capable and diverse that it’s impossible to just say one phone is the absolute best, as all of the best smartphones have great cameras — many with a unique trick or two. So in my opinion, the best way to evaluate these cameras is to break them down into different shooting categories.

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We here at XDA have tested almost every smartphone that sees release — even the obscure, China-only ones — and here’s our breakdown on the best cameras for each specific need.

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Best camera system for versatility: Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra

s22 ultra

Samsung’s Galaxy S21 Ultra held this title for almost all of 2021 and so it’s only natural that the Galaxy S22 Ultra takes over this spot as the best overall system. No other phone has the ability to cover as much ground as the Galaxy S22 Ultra, from a sweeping 120-degree ultra-wide lens all the way to a serviceable, actually usable 30x zoom. The Galaxy S22 Ultra can actually zoom far beyond 30x all the way to 100x, but we think shots beyond 30x start looking too soft on details to be worth putting as a strength.

The main camera of the Galaxy S22 Ultra is a large sensor, 108MP camera that shoots in both full 108 million resolution and binned 12MP shot. Samsung uses a new technology called “Adaptive Pixel” to combine both 108MP and 12MP images into one image with “super-large pixels.” The results are shots that are brighter, more vivid, retain more details than most other phone cameras.

There are other useful shooting modes and options: bring the Galaxy S22 Ultra close to an object for example, and that macro mode kicks in without you needing to do a thing. Shoot in low night scenarios, and night mode turns on automatically. Zoom to 20x and beyond, and the “Zoom Lock” feature enables the viewfinder to stay still despite shaky hands — this feature is useful for shooting the moon.

The Galaxy S22 Ultra camera system isn’t perfect — it tends to oversharpen selfies, there’s an ever-so-subtle shutter lag, and we actually think the Google Pixel 6 and Vivo X70 Pro Plus’ main cameras produce slightly better dynamic range. But still, if you want the best overall, most versatile system that doesn’t fail in any single category, this is the system, with only the next phone on this list reasonably within range to challenge the throne.

    The Galaxy S22 Ultra brings back the super versatile camera system from last year and make subtle improvements across the board for an even more polished camera system that can do it all.

Best camera for daytime photos: Google Pixel 6

Pixel 6 back

If you want a camera that you can point, tap the shutter button, and be confident you got a great shot, our pick is the Google Pixel 6 or Pixel 6 Pro. Google upgraded the main camera sensors for both phones this time, to a 50MP GN1 sensor with a large 1/1.31-inch sensor. This means the camera naturally pulls in light and has a shallow focus pane, so most shots with a clear subject in the foreground will have aesthetically pleasing bokeh around it to separate the subject (or object) from the background.

Google’s computational photography prowess is, of course, still here to back up the awesome sensor, so even if you’re shooting against direct backlight, expect properly balanced shots with stunning HDR. And if your shot happens to have unwanted elements (maybe a trash can in frame, or someone walking into the shot), Google’s Magic Eraser may be able to wipe that unwanted distraction from the background too. It doesn’t always work, but when it works, it’s magic indeed. Just look at these photo samples, all captured with the Pixel 6 or 6 Pro.

    The Pixel 6 Pro has the same awesome cameras the Pixel 6 -- plus a 4x optical zoom lens too.
    The Pixel 6 has a 50MP main camera that can capture great shots -- especially during the day.

Also great: Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra

Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra in ceramic white

We chose the Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra over other strong contenders because its main camera has the largest image sensor size (1/1.12″) of all released phones right now (Sharp’s Aquos R6 has an even larger sensor, but its image processing is inferior). That larger sensor has a shallower depth-of-field, which results in photos or videos with a natural bokeh effect if there’s an object/subject in the foreground. It’s a pleasing aesthetic that looks closer to photos produced by a real camera.

    The main camera of the Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra features the largest image sensor in the smartphone industry right now, allowing it to take in a lot of light and produce natural depth-of-field background separation between subject and backdrop.

Best camera for nighttime or low light photos: Vivo X80 Pro

The Vivo X80 Pro held out in hand, in front of a fountain in a hotel lobby

We recently did a comprehensive camera test and came away deciding that the Vivo X80 Pro is arguably the best camera phone of the year, and it mostly comes down to its strength in low-light environments. Using a custom-built GNV sensor, the Vivo X80 Pro main camera can pull in light out of thin air, and thanks to a dedicated V1+ ISP chip, Vivo’s HDR is stunningly good, topping even Apple and Google.

For general night photos out in the city, the Vivo X80 Pro produces noise-free, sharp, and vibrant images — without the need to resort to night mode.

The ultra-wide camera is also strong — and because other phone brands’ ultra-wide are not as strong, this makes the gap in quality even greater in this category. Look at the way the iPhone 13 Pro and Galaxy S22 Ultra shots blow out all the lights compared to the Vivo X80 Pro’s.

Throw in an above-average zoom system (not quite as good as the Galaxy S22 Ultra’s, but still better than the iPhone 13 Pro’s) and you have the best smartphone camera for photos.

    The Vivo X80 Pro has arguably the best main camera on the market right now, a do-it-all camera that can shoot neon lights of Asian cities or take well-balanced indoor food shots. The ultra-wide angle and portrait lens are strong too, with the only weakness coming in the below-par Periscope zoom lens.

Best camera for portraits: Google Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro

Pixel 6 Pro periscope zoom lens

Google’s computational photography is second to none, as evident by the fact that for years, its Pixel phones were able to produce the best portraits with a bokeh effect despite using only one camera (while other phones marketed the use of a dedicated depth sensor for the task). The below samples were captured by the Pixel 6 Pro, but the standard Pixel 6 will produce the same shot.

What sets Pixels apart from other phones is Google’s computational smarts can also produce convincing bokeh around inanimate objects, while other phones (notably iPhones) really only can do portrait shots around human faces.

But because the Pixel 6 series has a main camera with a large image sensor, this means even if you don’t want to shoot in portrait mode, you may still get some pleasing natural bokeh anyway if your subject/object is close enough to the lens.

If you want bokeh in your smartphone photos, the Pixel 6 series is the best at the job.

    The Pixel 6 Pro has the same awesome cameras the Pixel 6 -- plus a 4x optical zoom lens too.
    The Pixel 6 has a 50MP main camera that can capture great shots -- especially during the day.

Best ultra-wide camera: OPPO Find X5 Pro

oppo find x5 pro

The OPPO Find X5 Pro has the best ultra-wide camera on the market because it doesn’t treat the ultra-wide camera as a secondary lens. The Find X5 Pro’s 50MP ultra-wide uses the exact same Sony IMX766 as its main camera. While the main camera is still slightly superior due to having a faster aperture and less area to cover, the gap in image sharpness and dynamic range between the Find X5 Pro’s main and ultra-wide cameras is smaller than in most other phones.

Because the Find X5 Pro ultra-wide sensors are so pixel-dense, they keep enough details to keep pace with the main camera. I love that with both of these phones I can capture a standard wide photo and then an ultra-wide and know the two photos will be consistent in sharpness, dynamic range, and color science.

If you often find yourself taking sweeping landscape shots, the OPPO Find X5 Pro’s ultra-wide will give you the best results consistently.

    While most phones see the ultra-wide as a secondary lens, OPPO decided to give the Find X5 Pro's ultra-wide equal attention, the result is an ultra-wide camera that is almost as strong as the main camera, and the Find X5 Pro's main camera is pretty darn good.

Best selfie camera: Vivo V21

The Vivo V21 5G in gradient purple color.

Vivo’s V series has always prioritized the front-facing camera above all else, and the Vivo V21‘s 44MP selfie camera with two flashes and OIS takes the crown here.

It’s not just hardware, however — Vivo’s selfie software also offers granular controls, from the level of background blur to several different flash lighting options to an excessive beautifying mode that can apply digital makeup. Notice in the third and fourth picture of the below samples, I shot against a very harsh backlight, but the selfie still managed to highlight my face without blowing out the backlight.

The in-built OIS reduces potential blurry shots during low light selfies (when the camera either slows shutter speed or turns on night mode), or walk-and-talk style vlogs.

Best zoom cameras: Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra

galaxy s22 ultra zooming

As we already spoiled in the “Best Overall” category, the Galaxy S22 Ultra has the most capable zoom system around. This is thanks to a dual zoom system consisting of a 3x telephoto camera and a 10x Periscope lens. This means the Galaxy S22 Ultra can produce optical zoom at 3x and 10x focal length, with the latter being unmatched by almost every other phone on the market. With a 10x optical zoom image as base, the Galaxy S22 Ultra can then produce surprisingly sharp 20x and 30x images too.

If you live in a densely populated city with lots of interesting things to photograph from far away, the Galaxy S22 Ultra brings a level of convenience that is unmatched.

Best camera for video: iPhone 13 Pro/Pro Max

iPhone 13 Pro Max

Most flagship smartphones can capture high-quality videos now, but the iPhone 13 series, particularly the Pro phones, still takes the win because it has the best combination of stabilization, the ability to adapt to changing exposure, and the option to shoot with somewhat natural looking digital bokeh. The iPhone 13 Pro and Pro Max can also seamlessly switch between all three lenses in the middle of filming, meaning you can go from ultra-wide lens all the way to 3x zoom and beyond and the video will appear mostly fluid, without the noticeable jerkiness that happens when you do the same lens switch in, say, a Galaxy S21 Ultra.

But we’re particularly fond of the new Cinematic Mode, which as mentioned earlier, creates artificial bokeh around a subject. It’s not going to fool a professional eye, but to untrained eyes, the footage looks a bit more professional, with added depth, than a typical flat smartphone video. See the sample below for yourself.

    The iPhone 13 Pro allows seamless switching between all three lenses mid-filming, which is something Android phones still struggle with. Throw in superior stabilization and exposure, and this makes it the best camera phone around.

Best camera software and features: Xiaomi Mi 11 Ultra

If we’re talking about just the UI of the camera app, how easy is it to cycle through different shooting modes? How responsive is the camera? I’d give the win to the OnePlus’ camera app. But once we factor in additional features that produce a different image, then I don’t think any camera software right now comes close to Xiaomi’s.

Xiaomi’s MIUI 12 and its camera app has a comprehensive manual mode with focus peaking, a histogram, and quick dials to adjust ISO and shutter speed. The regular camera interface is easy to use with all the key buttons including zoom dial and selfie camera swap within thumb’s reach. But it’s the additional shooting modes that make the software so fun to use. For example, Xiaomi’s camera app includes an “AI Sky Editor” that allows the user to add a filter to any photos that are showing the sky.

This feature could have easily been tacky and garish, but the results are actually quite realistic and aesthetically pleasing.

Another fun trick is Clone, which lets most recent Xiaomi phones quickly clone multiple instances of the same subject in one shot. Sure, there are computer photo editing software and perhaps even apps that can do the same tricks, but Xiaomi having these features built into the camera app makes it so much more accessible.

Xiaomi's camera clone feature.

The clone feature is part of Xiaomi’s camera app.

It works with both photos and videos.

Xiaomi's clone video in action.

Conclusion: Smartphone cameras are getting really, really good

There’s a popular saying: “the best camera is the one you have with you.” For almost all of us, that would be the smartphone camera — and we’re blessed to live in an era when smartphone cameras have grown so capable. Sure, professional photographers will always scoff at the idea of a smartphone ever being able to replace the need for a real camera. But for most people, that’s already the case. When you travel to a tourist spot, do you see more smartphone cameras or DSLRs?

Obviously, if you want the most versatile system that covers all the bases, the Galaxy S22 Ultra is the one to get. However, if you want the best photos in all conditions, then the Vivo X80 Pro beats even the Galaxy S22 Ultra in low night and ultra-wide shots. Likewise, if you’re a longtime iOS user and don’t want to switch, the iPhone 13 series is still a highly polished camera with some of the best HDR technology around.

The thing is, there’s always a new smartphone promising new camera breakthroughs around the corner, so check back this list every few months to see if any newcomer has dethroned the existing champions!

About author

Ben Sin
Ben Sin

I'm a senior editor at XDA Developers. I have been a journalist for a decade, the last five years covering the mobile tech scene closely, reviewing just about every phone and attending trade shows and launches. I also run a gadget review channel on YouTube.

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