Samsung unveils the Exynos 2100 to challenge Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888

Samsung unveils the Exynos 2100 to challenge Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888

Ahead of the announcement of the Galaxy S21 series in two days, Samsung has detailed the chipset that will power the international variants. Samsung today announced the Exynos 2100, its latest flagship-tier SoC fabricated on a 5nm process node, in a bid to compete with Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888.

The new Exynos 2100 — unlike previous designs — does not feature Samsung’s custom CPU microarchitecture, making it the second chipset in Samsung’s Exynos to do so following the Exynos 1080. Samsung abandoned its efforts to design its own custom ARM-based performance cores following years of falling behind its competitors, though they’ve hatched a plan to design a custom GPU with AMD’s Radeon graphics IP. While the Exynos 2100 doesn’t feature an AMD GPU, it does bring much-needed GPU performance uplifts compared to the previous Exynos 990. And like the Snapdragon 888, the Exynos 2100 features ARM’s Cortex-X1 and Cortex-A78 performance CPUs. Based on what we’re seeing in terms of specifications, it looks like Galaxy S21 owners in Europe won’t be envious of Galaxy S21 owners in the U.S.

Exynos 990 Exynos 2100 Qualcomm Snapdragon 888
  • 2x Exynos M5 @ 2.73GHz
  • 2x ARM Cortex A76 @ 2.50GHz
  • 4x ARM Cortex A55 @ 2.00GHz
  • 1x ARM Cortex X1 @ 2.9GHz
  • 3x ARM Cortex A78 @ 2.8GHz
  • 4x ARM Cortex A55 @ 2.2GHz
  • 1x ARM Cortex X1 @ 2.84GHz
  • 3x ARM Cortex A78 @ 2.4GHz
  • 4x ARM Cortex A55 @ 1.8GHz
  • ARM Mali-G77MP11
  • ARM Mali-G78MP14
  • Adreno 660
  • Maximum On-Device Display Support: UHD @ 60Hz, QHD+ @ 120Hz
  • Maximum On-Device Display Support: UHD @ 120Hz, QHD+ @ 144Hz
  • Maximum On-Device Display Support: UHD @ 60Hz, QHD+ @ 144Hz
  • Dual NPU + DSP
  • 15 TOPS
  • Triple NPU + DSP
  • 26 TOPS
  • Hexagon 780 with Fused AI Accelerator architecture
  • 6th generation AI Engine
  • 26 TOPS
  • LPDDR5 @ 2750MHz
  • LPDDR5 @ ?MHz
  • LPDDR5 @ 3200MHz
  • Single camera: Up to 108MP
  • Dual camera: Up to 24.8+24.8MP with ZSL
  • Single camera: Up to 200MP
  • Dual camera: Up to 32+32MP with ZSL
  • Single camera: Up to 200MP
  • Dual camera: Up to 64+25MP with ZSL
  • Exynos 4G LTE and 5G multimode external modem
    • Downlink: 7.35Gbps (5G NR mmW)/5.1Gbps (5G NR sub-6)
  • Exynos 4G LTE and 5G multimode integrated modem
    • Downlink: 7.35Gbps (5G NR mmW)/5.1Gbps (5G NR sub-6)
    • Uplink: 3.67Gbps (5G NR mmW)/1.92Gbps (5G NR sub-6)
  • Snapdragon X60 4G LTE and 5G multimode integrated modem
    • Downlink: 7.5Gbps (5G NR mmW)
    • Uplink: 3Gbps (5G NR mmW)
Manufacturing Process 7nm (TSMC’s N7) 5nm (Samsung’s 5LPE) 5nm (Samsung’s 5LPE)

During their presentation, Samsung boasted its new Exynos 2100 offers 30% total better CPU performance than the Exynos 990 (an aggregate of 19% YoY single-core and 33% YoY multi-core improvements). Compared to the Snapdragon 888, the Exynos 2100 may boast even better CPU performance given that the Exynos has higher core frequencies while having the same configuration.

In terms of graphics performance, Samsung says the Exynos 2100 offers over 40% better performance compared to the Exynos 990. The company also talked about improvements to sustained GPU performance with the introduction of AMIGO, which stands for Advanced Multi-IP Governor. GPU performance has been one area where the Exynos has lagged significantly behind Snapdragon, so it should be interesting to see how the international Galaxy S21 performs in games like Genshin Impact.

Samsung says the Exynos 2100 has a 3 core NPU, and with the combined improvements in CPU, GPU, DSP, and NPU, the SoC achieves 26 TOPS performance. That matches the figure achieved by Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 and is a significant jump from the 15 TOPS achieved by the Exynos 990.

Qualcomm made a big deal about the Snapdragon 888’s triple ISP, which allows the SoC to process 3 signal streams simultaneously. The Exynos 2100 can handle 4 simultaneous streams, according to Samsung, and up to 6 image sensors can be connected. Samsung boasted that its ISP can handle 200MP image sensors, though there aren’t any sensors on the market that can capture 200MP images (at least not yet).

Interestingly, the Exynos 2100 supports AV1 decoding, making it the second mobile SoC after the MediaTek Dimensity 1000 to do so. AV1 adoption is progressing slower than we had hoped, but once Qualcomm adopts it, we’ll hopefully see more streaming services encode their content in it.

Lastly, the Exynos 2100 features Samsung’s latest 5nm integrated modem. The modem doesn’t seem improved compared to the one paired with the Exynos 990, but integrating it into the SoC should result in better power efficiency.

With the Galaxy S21 set to launch in just 2 days, we’ll soon have our chance to benchmark Samsung’s new Exynos chip. We’re hoping it’ll be competitive with — if not better than — Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 so European Galaxy S21 owners won’t feel shafted by their inability to purchase the Snapdragon model.

About author

Mishaal Rahman
Mishaal Rahman

I am the former Editor-in-chief of XDA. In addition to breaking news on the Android OS and mobile devices, I used to manage all editorial and reviews content on the Portal.

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